Zones of Regulation

The Zones of Regulation, developed by Occupational Therapist Leah Kuypers (2011), are a systematic, cognitive behaviour approach used to teach self-regulation by categorising all the different ways we feel and states of alertness with experience in four concrete zones.​

The Zones of Regulation curriculum provides strategies to teach students to become more aware of, and independent in, controlling their emotion and impulses, managing their sensory needs, and improving their ability to problem solve conflict.

The framework is designed to help move students toward more independent regulation while also honouring and respecting each student and their unique self.

The Four Zones - Our feelings and states determine our Zone:

Zones of regulation

The Blue Zone is used to describe low states of alertness and down feelings such as when one feels sad, tired, sick, or bored.

The Green Zone is used to describe a calm state of alertness. A person may be described as happy, focused, content, or ready to learn when in the Green Zone.  This is the zone where optimal learning occurs.

The Yellow Zone is also used to describe a heightened state of alertness and elevated emotions; however one has more control when they are in the Yellow Zone. A person may be experiencing stress, frustration, anxiety, excitement, silliness, the wiggles, or nervousness when in the Yellow Zone.

The Red Zone is used to describe extremely heightened states of alertness and intense emotions. A person may be elated or experiencing anger, rage, devastation, or terror when in the Red Zone.